Drain a quart of water from your water tank every 3 months to remove sediment that impedes heat transfer and lowers the efficiency of your heater. The type of water tank you have determines the steps to take, so follow the manufacturer's advice.
If you heat with electricity and live in a warm and sunny climate, consider installing a solar water heater. The solar units are environmentally friendly and can now be installed on your roof to blend with the architecture of your house.
Take more showers than baths. Bathing uses the most hot water in the average household. You use 15-25 gallons of hot water for a bath, but less than 10 gallons during a 5-minute shower.
Tankless coil water heaters work well during colder months because the heating system is used regularly.
Although the purchase prices of solar water heaters are usually higher than those of conventional types,operating costs are much lower.
Keep warm-air registers, baseboard heaters and radiators clean and clear of furniture and drapery for maximum efficiency.
If your home heating and cooling system is more than 10 years old, consider replacing it. Energy Star labeled central HVAC systems can reduce your air conditioning costs by up to 20% annually.
Insulating your hot water heater tank with an insualting jacket will pay for itself in one year or less.
Maintain your system periodically to yield immediate energy savings, improved comfort, and a longer trouble-free service for any system. This includes duct repair and replacement. Be sure to hire a professional technician to service your heating equipment. Qualified technicians can often identify safety and efficiency issues that aren't immediately apparent. A professional can also teach you about the operation of your heating system and the role you can play in performing minor service tasks.
When inspecting a new or potential new home, make sure that any of the gas equipment needing ventilation—heaters, dryers, hot water heaters—is ventilated properly to the outside.