If you need to cut a bolt to proper length, first thread the nut on, past the cut mark. After cutting, file- off sharp edges, then back the nut off to clean up the threads. To clean up rusted or damaged threads on a bolt you want to salvage, cut a slot through the side of the right-size nut. Clamp the nut halfway into a vise with the slot down, then run the bolt into the nut. For more cleaning action, tighten up the vise on the nut.
When building a deck or other outdoor platform, don’t use lumber wider than 6 inches. Ponding water on wide boards can lead to eventual cupping problems. For example, use two 2×6’s instead of one 2×12. Pros advise installing the boards crown-side up to help minimize cupping and shelling of grain layers.