Entire books have been written on the subject. There is way to much info to post. How much or how little detail?
Some quick answers: Use hardwood plywood for the carcas and shelves. Use solid wood for the face frame. Drawer sides - use birch or maple. Drawer front - same hardwood as the face frame.
Go to a bookstore with a coffee bar. Pick up a fewbooks in the DIY/home section, get a latte, and go thru the books.
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