(1) A flat key or strip that its into a groove or slot between two parts. Alternately, the groove or slot into which it fits. (2) A long, flat, pliable strip of wood, used to strength two pieces of wood by joining. The strip (spline) fits into a groove cut into the two joined pieces. (3) The raised ridges evenly spaced around the circumference of a drive shaft or axle.
Device sometimes required to form a mating connection between the splines of a valve stem and the splines inside a faucet handle.
Butt joint with a groove in each of the members being joined, with a spline fitted into the adjoining grooves, adding strength to the joint.
The separation of a material resulting from tensile forces.
Split l cut
An improper "L" cut that is made by splitting a tile instead of cutting it.
Split rail fence
Zigzag patterned fence of logs split lengthwise, which are held together with spikes.
Split receptacle wiring
Double electrical receptacle which has one half wired to one circuit with the other half wired to a different circuit. This allows for greater flexibility in use of high current drawing appliances, since they will not overpower one circuit and also protects against total loss of electricity if one circuit blows out.
Split spectrum photovoltaic cell
A photovoltaic device where incident sunlight is split into different spectral regions, with an optical apparatus, that are directed to individual photovoltaic cells that are optimized for converting that spectrum to electricity.
Refrigeration or air conditioning installation, which places condensing unit outside or away from evaporator. These unit are connected together by a supply and return refrigerant lines. Also applicable to heat pump installations. A combination heat pump or air conditioner with indoor components such as a furnace or blower coil. To maximize effectiveness, Split Systems should be matched.